Research shows that good nutrition can help to lower people’s risk for many chronic diseases, including heart disease, stroke, some cancers, diabetes, and osteoporosis. However, a large gap remains between healthy dietary patterns and what we actually eat, and this is what we call a nutritional gap.
Nutritional gap occurs because we consume too many foods that are high in certain nutrients but not eating enough food that contain certain other important nutrients. In addition, there are times throughout our life cycle, such as childhood, pregnancy and elderly, when our body requires more nutrients than a typical diet may provide.
Malnutrition will have several impacts on health, such as:
- Feeling tired all the time and lack of energy
- Getting sick often and taking a longer time to recover
- Slow healing wounds
- Feeling weaker
- Lacking of interest in food and drinks
Vitamins and minerals have a unique role to play in maintaining our health. They are needed in adequate amounts for our body to develop and function normally. They can be obtained from a variety of foods and also health supplements.